Selection of recent most important publications

Kurzmitteilung

Selection of recent most important publications

–  “The Song 宋 Dynasty (960–1279) – A Revolutionary Era Turn?”, in Kósa Gábor (ed.), China across the Centuries [Budapest Monographs in East Asian Studies] (Budapest: ELTE University, Department of East Asian Languages, 2017), 133-173.

– “China’s Gate to the South: Iranian and Arab Merchant Networks in Guangzhou During the Tang-Song Transition (c.750–1050), PART II: 900–c.1050”, AAS Working Papers in Social Anthropology/ÖAW Arbeitspapiere zur Sozialanthropologie 29 (2015), 1-30.

–  “The Emergence of China as a Maritime Power”, chapter 7 of vol. 5 of The Cambridge History of China, vol. 5, part Two, The Five Dynasties and Sung China, 960–1279, ed. by John W. Chaffee und Paul J. Smith (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), 437-525.

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Tomb Inscriptions 墓誌銘

Cover of the tomb inscription of the Wudai military governor (jiedushi 節度使) Wang Chuzhi 王處直 (863-923).

Cover of the tomb inscription of the Wudai military governor (jiedushi 節度使) Wang Chuzhi 王處直 (863-923).

An Introduction

There are many explanations for the emergence and the causes of writing tomb inscriptions (muzhiming).
One comes from the Ming period scholar Xu Shiceng 徐師曾
(Jinshi 1553; c. 1530-1594). He explains muzhiming as follows (German translation):

Zhi 誌 bedeutet ’schriftlich aufzeichnen‘ (ji 記); ming 銘 bedeutet ‚bekanntmachen‘. Wenn die Leute im Altertum Tugendhaftigkeit und Verdienste (eines Menschen) nachfolgenden Generationen bekanntgeben wollten, gossen dessen Nachkommen metallene Gefäße (zhuqi 鑄器), um dies bis in alle Ewigkeit weiterzuüberliefern, ähnlich, wie es bei der Opfergefäßinschrift (dingming 鼎銘) des Herrn Zhu Shu 朱叔 mit dem Beinamen Mu 穆 der Fall ist, die in den Gesammelten Werken des Herrn Cai Zhonglang 蔡中郎 mit dem Beinamen Yong 邕 (i.e. Cai Yong 蔡邕) abgedruckt ist. In der Han-Zeit begann Du Zixia 杜子夏 (i.e. spätere Westliche Han-Zeit) damit, einen Text einzumeißeln (le wen 勒文) und ihn neben dem Grab zu vergraben (mai muce 埋墓側). Daraufhin gab es Grabinschriften (muzhi 墓誌), spätere Generationen folgten (dieser Tradition).“

Tomb inscription of the Wudai military governor (jiedushi 節度使) Wang Chuzhi 王處直 (863-923); the original is kept by the Hebeisheng wenwu yanjiusuo 河北省文物研究所, Shijiazhuang 石家莊.

Tomb inscription of the Wudai military governor (jiedushi 節度使) Wang Chuzhi 王處直 (863-923); the original is kept by the Hebeisheng wenwu yanjiusuo 河北省文物研究所, Shijiazhuang 石家莊.

Publications

  • „A Buried Past: Tomb Inscriptions (muzhiming) as a Form of Private Historiography – an Example from the Early Tenth Century”, JESHO (2009), special issue from an AAS panel 2007
  • „Wang Chuzhi muzhiming zaikao – guanyu Wudai jiedushi jieji li de yixie daode ji yishi xingtai qushi 王處直墓誌銘的再考察——關於五代節度使階级裡的一些道德及意識形態趨势”, Zhonghua wenshi luncong 中華文史論叢 4 (2006), pp. 158–177.
  • „Bohimei kenkyū ni okeru sekkoku no jūyōsei 墓誌銘研究における石刻の重要性”, in Hiseki wa kataru 碑石は語る. (Tōkyō: Bensei shuppansha, 2006), pp. 82–93. アジア遊学Intriguing Asia, no 91.

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Economy, Science & Technology

Copperplate for the fabrication of Huizi papernotes

Copperplate for the fabrication of Huizi papernotes

An Introduction

„(隆興) 二 (1164) 年七月二十五日臣僚言熙寧初創立市舶一司所以來遠人 通物貨也舊法抽解既有定數又寬期納稅使之待價此招致之方也邇來州郡官吏趣辦抽解之外又多名色兼迫其輸納貨滯則減價求售所得無幾恐商旅自此不行欲望戒敕州郡推明神宗皇帝立法之意使商賈懋遷以助國用從之繼而戶部欲行廣南福建兩浙路轉運司並市舶司鈐束所屬州縣場務遵守見行條法施行…“

(Song huiyao jigao 宋會要輯稿 (Draft of documents pertaining to matters of state in the Song dynasty) by Xu Song 徐松 (1781–1848) et al. (comp.). Taibei: Shijie shuju 1964. Zhiguan 44/27a).

„This emperor [of Cathay] may dispend as much as he will without estimation; for he not dispendeth ne maketh no money but of leather imprinted or of paper. And of that money is some of greater price and some of less price, after the diversity of his statutes. And when that money hath run long that it beginneth to waste, then men bear it to the emperor’s treasury and then they take new money for the old. And that money goeth throughout all the country and throughout all his provinces, for there and beyond them they make no money neither of gold nor of silver; and therefore he may dispend enough, and outrageously. And of gold and silver that men bear in his country he maketh cylours, pillars and pavements in his palace, and other diverse things what him liketh.“

(The Travels of Sir John Mandeville by Sir John Mandeville (1300-1399?), chapt. XXV)

Northern Song bronze coins

Northern Song bronze coins

Publications

  • “Chūgoku keizaishi no kenkyū ni okeru kahei to kahei seisaku: futatsu no jiri to sore ni kansuru kenkai 中国経済史の研究における貨幣と貨幣政策: 二つの事例とそれに関する見解” (Money and monetary policy in the study of Chinese economic history: Two examples and some related observations), in Ihara Hiroshi (ed.), 『宋銭の世界』[The World of Song Money] (Tōkyō: Bensei shuppansha, 2009), 219-250.
  • „Die finanzpolitische Bezugnahme des songzeitlichen Staates (960 – ca. 1100) auf den Reichtum seiner Gesellschaft – unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Reformperiode unter Wang Anshi“ (The Finance Political Reference of the Song Government to the Wealth of its Society, under Particular Consideration of the Reform Period under Wang Anshi), Oriens Extremus 44 (2003/04), S. 179–210.
  • „Hainans politische und ökonomische Anbindung an das Festland während der Song–Dynastie“ (Hainan’s Political and Economic Relation with the Chinese Mainland during the Song Dynasty), Roderich Ptak, Claudine Salmon (Hrsg.), De la Chine à l’Asie du Sud-Est / Von China nach Südostasien (Konferenzband) (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2001), 35-81.

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Culture, Ideology, State & Society

Playing music - Liao dynasty

Playing music – Liao dynasty

  • “The Song 宋 Dynasty (960–1279) – A Revolutionary Era Turn?”, in Kósa Gábor (ed.), China across the Centuries [Budapest Monographs in East Asian Studies] (Budapest: ELTE University, Department of East Asian Languages, 2017), 133-173.
  • Vom mongolischen Teilreich zum neuen Reich der Mitte”, in Thomas Ertl (Hrsg.), Die Welt, 1250 bis 1500. Essen: Magnusverlag 2009, 25 pages. Globalgeschichte. Die Welt 1000–2000.
  • „Kriege und Barbaren im China des späten 8. bis frühen 10. Jahrhunderts“, in Thomas Kolnberger, Ilja Steffelbauer et al. , Krieg und Akkulturation. Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag 2004. S. 64–84.

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Reviews

  • Hugh R. Clark, Portrait of a Community. Society, Culture, and the Structures of Kinship in the Mulan River Valley (Fujian) from the Late Tang through the Song, xiv, 473 pp. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 2007, in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, SOAS (2008), 3 pages.
  • Christian Lamouroux, Fiscalité, Comptes Publics et Politiques Financière dans la Chine des Song. Le Chapitre 179 du Songshi. Paris: Collège de France 2003. Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises, in Oriens Extremus (2003/04), S. 275-279.
  • Herbert Franke, Krieg und Krieger im chinesischen Mittelalter (12. bis 14. Jahrhundert). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag 2002. Münchener Ostasiatische Studien, Bd. 81, in Oriens Extremus (2003/04), S. 279–281.

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