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Crossroads – Studies on the History of Exchange Relations in the East Asian World (縱 横 – 東亞世界交流史研究/クロスロード – 東アジア世界の交流史研究 / 크로스로드 – 東아시아 世界의 交流史 研究) is designed as an international forum for contributions related to the history of exchange relations in the East Asian world.
The journal is being sponsored by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), the German Research Council.
Appraising Risks: Patterns of Major Socio-Economic Risk and Risk Projection in the Indian Ocean World
Prof. Dr. Angela Schottenhammer is part of a multi-disciplinary, international team of scholars under the directorship of Professor Gwyn Campbell of McGill University that has been awarded a $2.5 million partnership grant funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) to investigate six periods of historical and contemporary environmental (e.g. climate change, volcanism, monsoons, cyclones, drought) and human (e.g. famine, disease, conflict, migration) crisis, in order to elucidate past-to-to-present patterns that will help inform current and future risk preparedness and socio-human responses to environmental crises and disasters.
The Indian Ocean world (IOW), a macro-region stretching from Africa to China, is a significant
global socio-ecological system. Factors such as climate change, the monsoon
system, El Niño
Southern Oscillation, and volcanism, have profoundly affected its history.
Moreover, it contains 17 of the
20 countries most at risk from global warming and associated rising sea levels, and increasing frequency and
intensity of drought, famine, conflict over scarce natural resources, and human
research project applies a conceptual-analytical methodology designed to bridge
the boundaries between social and natural sciences. Adopting Fernand Braudel’s
view that conventional frameworks of historical analysis are inadequate as
analytical tools because they largely ignore both environmental factors and
natural cycles and related temporal spans, project members will interrogate, on
macro and micro levels, the relationship between clusters of unfavourable
environmental events and adverse historical tipping points.
Schottenhammer will lead one of eight teams in
the project. Her team, which focuses on the eastern section of the Indian ocean
world (IOW), includes Dr. Mathieu Torck and Wim De Winter, M.A. (both Ghent
University, Belgium), Dr. Ma Guang (Shandong University, PRChina), Dr. Kimura
Jun (Tokai University, Japan), Xu Zhexin (Salzburg University, Austria), Dr. Li
Man (Vasco Da Gama European
Institute of Diplomacy and International Relations,
Belgium), Dr. Alexander Jost (European Centre
for Chinese Studies, Peking University, PRChina; Salzburg University, Austria),
Prof. Dr. Tansen Sen and Dr. Elke Papelitzky (both NYU Shanghai). Her team will
recruit a number of PhD and postgraduate student (including habilitation) to write their thesis on issues related to the impacts in the eastern IOW of the six periods of environmental crisis
and human reactions to them.
TRANSPACIFIC The Structure and Impact of Trans-Pacific Trade, 16th to 18th Centuries: The Manila Galleon Trade Beyond Silver and Silks
With an interdisciplinary team, comprising specialists in Chinese, Japanese, Latin American, Southeast Asian, economic, environmental, and medical history, maritime archaeology, and geographical sciences, this project will, for the first time, systematically investigate the roles of actors, objects, side-effects, and exchanges that were ‘invisible’ or marginal to conventional histories of the Manila Galleon trade (1565 to 1815). It will also examine informal trade routes and networks in this trans-Pacific trade connection, concentrating on the 16th to 18th centuries. To achieve this goal, TRANSPACIFIC will expand upon the structure and impacts of contraband, informal, accidental, and undesired exchanges of cargoes, people, knowledge, technologies, and diseases across the Pacific, to evaluate, first, the complexity, nature, and degree of the global interconnectivity of Asian and European sub-regional networks, and, second, to reassess both their positive and negative impacts on trans-Pacific trade generally, and on indigenous actors and societies in China, Japan, and the Viceroyalty of Peru specifically.
Seafaring, Trade, and Knowledge Transfer: Maritime Politics and Commerce in Early Middle Period to Early Modern China
This project is being sponsored by the
The aim of this research project is to investigate the qualitative characteristics and changes of China’s maritime commerce and politics over time (c. 9th to 18th centuries) and space (South and Northeast China and its supra-regional, “global” integration), in order to obtain a much more detailed picture of China’s maritime politics and commerce. Weiterlesen →
This project is being sponsored by the MCRI (Major Collaborative Research Initiative) sponsored by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. My sub-project is also supported by the Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Gent University, Belgium.
Emergence and Development of Maritime Commerce in the East Asian World (2010-2018) Weiterlesen →
(Joint project of the École Française d’Éxtrȇme Orient, France, and the Academia Sinica, Taibei)
In an era where Chinese naval presence in Asian Seas is increasingly discussed and even disputed, it seems important to reconsider and review our knowledge on China’s seafaring tradition. With focus paid to the practical know-how that was available to the craftsmen, seamen and merchants during the xvith-xviiith centuries, as well as the special emphasis on sailing and trading knowledge, this current project proposes a new approach for analysing Chinese maritime history. Weiterlesen →
Recovery of Traditional Technologies I: A Comparative Study of Past and Present Fermentation and Associated Distillation Technologies in Eurasia and Their Roots
January 2015 – July 2016
The aim of this project is to research traditional food processing techniques and technologies in Mongolia, Taiwan, Turkey, Japan, Korea and Mexico. This will include as an area of particular emphasis the production of fermented and distilled beverages. Weiterlesen →
This research was part of an interdisciplinary research project based at Tōkyō University, Faculty of Humanities (人文社會系研究科), Japan (Prof. Dr. Kojima Tsuyoshi 小島毅):
„Higashi Ajia no kaiiku kōryū to Nihon dentō bunka no keisei 東アジアの海域 交流と日本傳統文化の形成“, and focused on late Tang, Wudai, and Song stone inscriptions. Weiterlesen →